The protection and conservation of biodiversity and natural capital are integral elements of our environmental management system implemented throughout our operations, involving our suppliers, partners, and customers.

operational sites analysed for biodiversity impact
waste produced compared to 2022
water withdrawal compared to 2022

Saipem is committed to protecting biodiversity and ecosystems, as well as minimising impacts on biodiversity. Within its value chain, Saipem operates as an EPCI contractor and an advanced engineering technological platform, and beyond its value chain as a contributor in nature based offsetting projects.

Biodiversity is crucial for environmental health and is influenced by various environmental factors. Emissions of greenhouse gases and other atmospheric pollutants like nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and particulates, along with low energy efficiency, soil pollution, the use of disposable plastics, inadequate waste management, and water scarcity, all contribute to significant negative impacts on biodiversity.

Saipem is currently prioritising the protection of marine biodiversity. This commitment is demonstrated through the adoption of biodegradable oils and the reduction of disposable plastic use on projects and sites.  Effective management and control of environmental factors are critical steps towards safeguarding biodiversity.

As a guarantee of our commitment, we have a certified environmental management system in accordance with the ISO standard 14001. Our strategy to mitigate any environmental impact focuses on different aspects, including the conservation of biodiversity, water and waste management and the prevention and response to spills.



Biodiversity protection and preservation are integrated throughout the lifecycle of Saipem's projects. The aim of conserving biodiversity in Saipem’s projects is realized through a series of targeted interventions:

  • Rescue: safeguarding animal and plant species encountered during project execution;
  • Protection: implementing measures designed to mitigate environmental impacts on ecosystems;
  • Awareness: educating staff on the appropriate environmental conduct required on-site;
  • Relocation and Reinstatemen: tailoring relocation and habitat restoration efforts to the specific requirements and characteristics of each project.


Saipem's key roles in promoting Biodiversity


Within the Value Chain

  • EPCI contractor both in relation to its own operations and clients
    Saipem's environmental management system integrates the management of risks and impacts on biodiversity, also for sub-contractors, in each phase of the project, right up to the dismantling of plants. We support Clients in defining less impactful design choices aimed at protecting and safeguarding biodiversity (e.g. No Net Loss, Net Positive Impact).
  • Advanced engineering technological platform
    By promoting research and technological innovation to reduce impacts on the environment and biodiversity, using drones or underwater drones for example, and developing plastic recycling technologies.

Beyond the value chain
Saipem participates in nature based offsetting projects beyond its value chain with the additional benefit of biodiversity protection (e.g. forest protection, reforestation, and protection of marine ecosystems.

Biodiversity Approach

In 2023 we were involved in various projects for the protection of biodiversity and ecosystems. As we operate in vulnerable and diverse natural environments, we always strive to guarantee safe and responsible operations, minimising impacts on biodiversity and protecting the natural environment and local communities.


Seabin Pollution Reduction System - Isola Di San Giorgio, Italy


Saipem joined LifeGate PlasticLess and inaugurated a new Seabin in the Venice lagoon in the symbolic context of World Environment Day and World Oceans Day. The Seabin system helps reduce seawater pollution by collecting up to 500 kg per year of floating hazardous waste for marine wildlife, including plastics, microplastics and microfibres.

The inauguration ceremony was held at the historic Venetian yacht club Compagnia della Vela where the device was placed. Saipem’s presence in the Venice area, notably with its Sonsub centre of excellence for submarine technologies and robotics, highlights its commitment to sustainable inspection, monitoring services using drones, and partnerships in plastic recycling technologies.


Details of our biodiversity projects can be found in the 2023 Sustainability Report and Biodiversity Section of the Consolidated Non-Financial Statement

2023 Sustainability Report

pdf - 04-2024



The water resource management strategy is an integral part of the environmental strategy and is defined in the environmental management system documentation; it is also an objective of the Group HSE plan In fact, we operate in water-stressed areas, where the implementation of a strategy to reduce withdrawals and use it efficiently is a priority. The mapping of Saipem sites located in water-stressed areas, updated annually, is the basis for the definition of these initiatives The water reuse, after suitable treatment, is a key activity to minimise water withdrawal.

Greater resilience in the planning and management of water resources is also important to react to the effects of climate change.



Chart of Saipem’s management of water resources from 2021 to 2023.

More information on Water Management con be found in the Consolidated Non-Financial Statement


Waste management


We adopt a specific waste management system for each type of operating activity, and we share it with the third-party companies we operate with.

Waste management aims to minimise waste, re-use it as material and recycle it after re-use if it cannot be used again. We prioritise hazardous waste through the research and development of new materials, which allow hazardous materials to be replaced with non-harmful alternatives.

Saipem controls the traceability of waste within its sites and ensures that subcontractors do the same, through specific contractual requirements, inspections, audits, etc.

Since waste management is considered highly critical, suppliers in charge to waste disposal are subjected to additional assessments and also to contractual incentive systems meant to reward excellent safety results or discourage non-compliance with rules, procedures and good practices aimed at protecting workers' health, safety and environment.

Indicator Unit 2021 2022 2023
Waste by type        
hazardous (kt) 137.8 7.85 10.75
non-hazardous (kt) 674.1 731.2 747.4
Waste by type and destination        
hazardous waste disposed of in landfill sites (kt) 10.9 19.2 6.3
hazardous waste disposed of in other structures (kt) 108.9 97.4 33.9
hazardous waste incinerated in external plant (kt) 2.0 0.6 0.8
hazardous waste incinerated in Saipem plants (kt) 0.8 0.7 0.5
hazardous waste recycled (kt) 15.2 2.6 1.4
non-hazardous waste disposed of in landfill sites (kt) 261.8 220.2 139.8
non-hazardous waste disposed of in other structures (kt) 319.9 412.7 553.2
non-hazardous waste incinerated in external plants (kt) 0.20 0.05 0.02
non-hazardous waste incinerated in Saipem plants (kt) 1.7 2.6 1.6
non-hazardous waste recycled (kt) 90.6 95.6 52.8

Spill prevention and response


Pollutant spills are one of the most significant environmental issues for our sector. In the case of spills, the prevention of accidents and response actions are an absolute priority.

Saipem’s focuses on minimising the risk of spills and implementing emergency mitigation actions, for which we adopt advanced equipment and procedures. We monitor and report “near misses” (missed accidents, or events which under slightly different conditions, could have caused environmental damage) using specific software. These events are subsequently analysed to assess their causes, prevent their recurrence, and share lessons learned within the Company.
Saipem also provides services for the prevention and management of emergencies due to spills at sea. Specifically, the services offered may concern training, the use of underwater drones and remote emergency intervention of the OIE (Offset Installation Equipment): a unique system in the world, designed to intervene in the event of a spill from an underwater well into shallow water (up to approximately 600 m deep), when direct vertical access is not possible

Out of 27 total spills in 2023, 14 were less than 10 litres.

Here is the information on spills for 2023.


Indicator Unit 2021 2022 2023
Spill volumes (m3) 3.10 7.85 10.75
Spills by type        
oil spills (No.) 27 9 20
chemical spills (No.) 0 2 1
biodegradable substances (No.) 8 4 4
drilling muds (No.) 2 3 2
wastewater (No.) 1 0 0
Spill volumes by type        
oil spills (m3) 0.33 2.17 9.09
chemical spills (m3) 0.000 0.040 0.002
biodegradable substances (m3) 2.20 0.15 0.04
drilling muds (m3) 0.54 5.50 1.60
wastewater (m3) 0.045 0.000 0.000
Spills by size        
below 10 litres (No.) 21 4 14
between 10 and 160 litres (No.) 6 10 10
between 160 and 500 litres (No.) 0 1 1
over 500 litres (No.) 0 3 2
Spills by destination        
into the sea (No.) 5 7 9
into superficial water bodies (No.) 0 0 0
onto land (No.) 22 11 18

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